Friday, January 17, 2020
Basically, people have a different memorable socializing moment in their life. Every single minute of their life are valuable so that memorable situation might be happened anytime. Firstly, everybody likes to go to the party. There are different kinds of party which can make a nice moment such as graduation party or birthday party. To illustrate, when you are 18 years old you will have a big party from your people around you. They will create a surprising party for you. Particularly, the gifts will be amazing. Therefore, this event will be one of the best memorable socializing moments in your life. Secondly, some festivals might impress you which you will have a good experience. For instance, Christmas festival, itÃ¢â¬â¢s apparently everyone favorable holiday which everyone can do several things on that day namely enjoying a delicious meal or opening a secret gift which is a main tradition of Christmas Day. Hence, many people are going to memorize things they do on this day because itÃ¢â¬â¢s a spectacular day for everyone. Eventually, everyone has many friends such as high school friends, neighbors or even upcountry friends. Unfortunately, they are not with you all the time. They live separately from you. Reunion always makes memorable time for them. For example, you have not seen your friends long time ago, and one day they all come to meet you as a reunion party. Certainly, you are definitely going to remember this event forever. Thus, this is not difficult to see that reunion is a wonderful memorable socializing moment. Conclusively, memorable moment is able to happen in every situation. It is depend on you whether you satisfy it or not.
Thursday, January 9, 2020
The Preamble to the United States Constitution states: Ã¢â¬Å"We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of AmericaÃ¢â¬ (U.S. Const. pmbl.). While the United States Constitution was created in order to form a more perfect union, it is up to us, as citizens of the United States, to uphold all that has been established within this union. In order to do that, we all must fulfill our responsibilities as citizens. For me, citizenship is an entitlement that everyone is obliged toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In order for me to be a good citizen of my community, it is important that I recognize the rights of others and respect them. Everyone has the right to their own opinions; I must be respectful of all opinions, whe ther I agree with them or not. Additionally, it is important for me to help others within my community. Whether this help takes place through community service or just through the act of helping an elderly woman carry her groceries, all acts of good will serve to make the community a better place to live. Although being a citizen has many responsibilities, there are also many rights that coincide with citizenship. As a citizen of the United States, there are many rights that I cherish deeply. Among these rights, there are a few that I especially cherish. For me, the most valuable right is the 1st Amendment right to freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly. Being Catholic, I am especially grateful for the right to choose my religion. My faith is a big part of my selfhood, and I would not want to be any other religion; moreover, there are many other people who cherish their respective religions. Because religion plays such an imperative role in the lives of many, I feel that this right is one that should be cherished in the utmost manner. Just as I cherish the freedom to choose my religion, I also place a great deal of value on my right to vote. IShow MoreRelatedA Discourse Theory of Citizenship1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Discourse Theory of Citizenship This article discusses the concept of citizenship and how citizenship as a form of public engagement is crucial to democracy as a whole. The author, Robert Asen, presents a new view that citizenship is a dynamic mode of public engagement. The first section of the article discusses questions about public beliefs and perspectives. The second section of the article discusses how citizenship is a mode of public engagement. The third section discusses how publicRead MoreGlobalization and Citizenship Essays768 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesare facilitated and transitioned by rapid development in technology in the fields of information gathering, communication and processing. Globalization has a very big influence and impact on the economies of the world. We see many countries developing at rapid paces and are emerging as world super powers in a very short span of time. Two examples of this rapid development due to globalization can be seen in India and China, where the economy is changing at a rapid pace. This rapid pace and rapid developmentRead MoreGlobal Education And Global Citizenship984 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGlobal Education and Global Citizenship Earth, countries, and communities are all composed of individuals, these individuals are formed based off of their living and learning environment. The term Ã¢â¬Ëglobal citizenshipÃ¢â¬â¢ can seem confusing and goes misunderstood at times. It is important to keep in mind that this term is a bit vague and can have multiple meanings to different people. To sum up the overall meaning of this term, is an individual that realizes and accept the world and all itÃ¢â¬â¢s diversity. AnRead More Education for citizenship is important because every society needs1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEducation for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. Rationale for citizenship Education for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. FosteringRead MoreThe Patriarchal Welfare State, By Carole Pateman945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstatus of women in municipal power dynamics is restricted and minimal. This weekÃ¢â¬â¢s authors articulated a variety of limitations that prevent women from benefiting from power dynamics in American cities. Through class, theories of citizenship and race, they explain citizenship and its privileges as benefiting male dominance. This paper argues that patriarchal hegemony, along with issues of race/ethnicity and class, make up the root cause of oppression and isolation that women face in municipal democracyRead MoreThe Americanization of Puerto Rico1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinhabitants first heard that Americans were planning on invading Puerto Rico and driving out Spains rulers, Puerto Ricans welcomed the North Americans to their home. (To view an in-progress work dealing with the Spanish-American War from a pro-colonial expansion point of view, visit this site/ Fo r an objective historical account view this site). The Puerto Ricans were tired of not having a voice in politics and government and with the knowledge that America was a democracy, there was hope that thisRead MoreImmigration And The United States898 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesillegal immigration has become very concerning to many Americans. Immigrants are people who move to different parts of the world from their country legally or illegally. Most of this immigrants come from Europe and Latin America, every year millions of immigrants enter the U.S. Once this immigrants enter to the U.S. soil they must live for five years before they can get their citizenship. For some America is a temporally place and for the majority it becomes permanent. For many years America has openedRead MoreRhetorical Citizenship1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat is Rhetorical Citizenship? The definition that is in our syllabus says that it is the ability of individuals to communicate their needs, interests, and values in order to identify and solve public problems. In Lippmanns The Phantom Public he describes a good citizen as one who is omni competent, or all knowing. He thinks that the ideal role of a citizen is one where they are aware of everything that is going on in the world and they know enough about that problem or situation that he canRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibilities Essay1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreason for the company existence. Ã¢â¬Å"What makes a stake holder?Ã¢â¬ Isabel Hilton (GE Stakeholders 2009) Ã¢â¬Å"What makes a stake holder? If you take a broad view of business then almost anyone who is affect by the operation of the business is a stakeholder. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a narrow view, which is about shareholding, profit, and profit line. But thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a much wider view, which is all the other activities, all the other impacts that business can have. So if as a business you go and do something in a particular communityRead MoreThe San Jose March For Science. For My Civic Engagement1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesresponse to the Trump administrationÃ¢â¬â¢s unfavorable views on science, especially towards environmental science, and was held in conjunction with hundreds of other marches attended by hundreds of thousands of people across the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve never been the most civically-minded person so I was not quite sure what to expect when attending, but I think that I gained a more personal understanding of the political and democratic aspect of environmental citizenship. I ar rived at the march slightly after it was
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
There are a wide range of settings in which 3D printing technology can be implemented in. In this paper, the potential use of bio-printers as a replacement for current organ donation treatments was investigated. The current organ situation in Australia was explored to assess whether the implementation of bio-printing was suitable. It was discovered that more than 1,500 people are on the Australian organ transplant waiting list, and was thus concluded that bio-printing technology could assist in reducing stress on the waiting lists. Further, this investigation involved researching various bio-printing methods used by renowned scientists in the field, such as one developed by Professor Jonathan Butcher. Current implications and future applications of the technology were also researched and has shown that there is much potential for bio-printing to develop into a major medical resources. In addition, in-depth understanding regarding the various social, ethical and environmental implicat ions of this technology on society was developed. It was shown that from research that bio-printing technology has the ability to drastically change societyÃ¢â¬â¢s current dependence on donors for organs and tissues. Nevertheless, there were a series of technological and moral obstacles that have to be addressed before full implementation of this technology can occur. Introduction Thirty years have passed since 3-D printers first appeared in 1984 by Chuck Hull, but only recently have they hinted atShow MoreRelatedDisaster Management Policies and Systems in Pakistan13687 Words Ã |Ã 55 Pagescoordinates with provincial relief departments / relief commissioners who are responsible for effective distribution of relief items in respective provinces. The Cell is also responsible for dealing with institutional donors and receives grants / donations / funds for distribution through the Prime MinisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Disaster Relief Fund. 3.1- Flood Management Strategy: Since floods are almost a routine annual feature in the monsoon season in the areas lying along the rivers and their basins, the governmentRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 PagesProject manager: Harvey Yep Production supervisor: Carol Bielski Designer: Mary Kazak Vander Photo researcher: Jeremy Cheshareck Media project manager: Cathy Tepper Cover image: Ã © Veer Images Typeface: 10.5/12 Times Roman Compositor: AptaraÃ ®, Inc. Printer: Worldcolor Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Larson, Erik W., 1952Project management: the managerial process / Erik W. Larson, Clifford F. Gray. Ã¢â¬â5th ed. p. cm. Ã¢â¬â(The McGraw-Hill/Irwin series, operations and decision sciences) GrayÃ¢â¬â¢s
Monday, December 23, 2019
A circular flow diagram is simply a visual model of how the economy works (cite school book). It also shows the players and how they interact with each other to organize to make up the economy. It is a valuable tool for micro-economic understanding. The models have two sections; expenditure and output. All of this is an important factor since a circular diagram does create a pattern. There is production, income, spending and back to production. The players or participants of a circular diagram are households, firms, the resource market, government and the rest of the world. Some models even incorporate financial institutions like banks and Wall Street. The households and firms interact with each other in the marketplace regularly. Households need goods and services and firms supply them. Firms need the money and the households pay them for their goods and services. It can get a lot more technical with the wording, but this is the basic idea. The household sector deals with the firms in two unique ways: the household sector supplies things such as a labor force to the firms in exchange for a paycheck or income, then the households spend their money to buy goods and services (Buck, J., blog) Connected to these two vital participants are the markets for goods and services and the markets for factors of production. The markets for goods and services use things such as labor, buildings and equipment, and land (book). Consequently, the markets for factors of production can beShow MoreRelatedCircular Flow Diagrams893 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Circular Flow Diagrams Introduction Money flows into and out of the economy. The circular flow diagram explains how money moves through the economic system involving households, businesses, the government, and foreign agents (Editorial Board, 2011). Circular flow diagrams are visual models that show firms who employ workers, the workers then spend on goods produced by firms, and the money is then used to compensate the worker and buy raw materials to make the goods and the circle continuesRead MoreThe Circular Flow Diagram Analysis1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe circular Flow diagram that I created above contains these sectors such as Domestic firms, Household, the rest of the world and Government. The diagram illustrates the continuous movement of money for goods and services between producers and consumers. The household sector includes everyone; such as you and me we are buying products from everyone and selling our work. So this is everyone who may be seeking to satisfy unlimited wants and needs. Households are responsible for consumption. It alsoRead MoreEcon 1103- Practice Midterm Exam2153 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe economy can produce a larger pie. b) The government can more easily allocate the pie to those most in need. c) The pie gets smaller, and there will be less pie for everyone. d) The economy will spend too much time cutting and loses the ability to produce enough pie for everyone. 3. What is a circular-flow diagram? a) a visual model of how the economy is organized b) a mathematical model of how the economy works c) a model that shows the effects of government on the economy d)Read More1. Discuss Four Building Blocks for Achieving Competitive Advantage in an Organization.2810 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages| Upon completing this course, students will be able to: 1. Understand the basic concept of economics. 2. Apply the concepts demand and supply to identify how market reached its equilibrium position. 3. Identify various coefficients in elasticity and understand how rational consumers behave. 4. 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Web connections on the plant floor enable workers to share information directly with suppliers, product engineers, andRead MoreMba Solved Assignment Papers52670 Words Ã |Ã 211 Pagesfollowing two research methods can be applied, depending on the properties of the subject matter and on the objective of the research: Qualitativeresearch Quantitativeresearch Research is often conducted using the hourglass model Structure of Research. The hourglass model starts with a broad spectrum for research, focusing in on the required information through the methodology of the project (like the neck of the hourglass), then expands the research in the form of discussion and results. ResearchRead MoreOperations Management25115 Words Ã |Ã 101 Pagesbanks. True (What is operations management? moderate) 6. One reason to study operations management is to learn how people organize themselves for productive enterprise. True (Why study OM, easy) 7. The operations manager performs the management activities of planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling of the OM function. True (What operations managers do, easy) 8. How much inventory of this item should we have? is within the critical decision area of managing quality. FalseRead MorePrinciples of Microeconomics Fifth Canadian Edition20085 Words Ã |Ã 81 Pagesand policymakers. The theory of comparative advantage explains how people benefit from economic interdependence. PART TWO: SUPPLY AND DEMAND I: HOW MARKETS WORK Chapter 4 The Market Forces of Supply and Demand Elasticity and Its Application Supply, Demand, and Government Policies How does the economy coordinate interdependent economic actors? Through the market forces of supply and demand. The tools of supply and demand are put to work to examine the effects of various government policies. ChapterRead MoreRetail Management30153 Words Ã |Ã 121 Pagesits customers based on their customer demographics, lifestyle and purchase behaviour. A good format will lend a hand to display products well and entice the target customers to spawn sales. Retail in India Retailing is one of the pillars of the economy in India and accounts for 35% of GDP. The retail industry is divided into organized and unorganized sectors. Over 12 million outlets operate in the country and only 4% of them being larger than 500Ã sqÃ ft (46 m2) in size. Organized retailing refersRead MoreRetail Store Design and Layout15254 Words Ã |Ã 62 PagesInteriors and Display |13 | |9. |Store layout- key consideration |18 | |10. |Visual merchandising |23 | |11. |Store atmospheric and Signage |25 | |12.
Sunday, December 15, 2019
Abstract: In this new era of globalisation wherein people from diverse culture and ethnicity have come together to work in an organisation, dialogue is indeed an important way of communication. Many researches have proved the fact that differences in culture may inculcate a difference in the thinking pattern or stem into differential analysis of a situation. In an organisation where values and growth are relatedÃ to each other, differences in opinion may lead to altercation and conflicts if not addressed well. We will write a custom essay sample on Communication and Dialogue or any similar topic only for you Order Now Dialogue, a bidirectional flow of communication where emphasis is laid not only on saying but also on listening and understanding at the same time can be an useful tool in an organisation to resolve inter personal conflicts, conflicts within the department or conflicts between two different departments of the same organisation. The essay will highlight the importance of introduction of dialogue in a multicultural organisation and its use as a problem solving tool in multicultural organisation where cultural thinking act as an impediment among them. Also, it will review the role of dialogue in promoting organisational learning. Next it will explore some of the barriers in communication such as Ã¢â¬Å"Silo virusÃ¢â¬ and need for eliminations of those barriers, ending into a conclusion for the implication of dialogue in a multicultural organisation. Sequential Conversation or Unidirectional Flow of Communication versus Dialogic conversation A conversation is said to be sequential or unidirectional when there is a flow of information from the speaker to the listener (Eisenberg Goodall, p. 27). This one way communication can be practically seen in classes where student completely rely on teachers lectures, also when managers or the instructor define the protocol of the work to the subordinates or receivers. In other words in a unidirectional or sequential communication listeners are passive and are uninvolved in constructing the ideas of the communication (Eisenberg Goodall, p. 28)Ã . Traditionally communication between managers and employee were articulated as straightforward unidirectional flow of delivering management messages to employees and other constituencies (Tourish and Hargie 2009, p. ). However, dialogue provides equal opportunities to all who are involved in the communication. Everyone has the say to voice their opinion and give their feedback either in agreement or in opposition of the core matter. Dialogue in a working definition can be defined as a mindful conversation emphasising on equitable and empathetic transaction of opinions of the participants to create new opportunities for working together to produce new and innovative ideas (Eisenberg Goodall, p. 40-45) Hence dialogue is a balance between creativity and constraints (Eisenberg Goodall ,p. 0). Dialogue demands its participants should be able to critically reflect themselves i. e, they should be open to the fact that the perceptions made by them may not always be accurate. Ã¢â¬Å"What we perceive is often based on our needs, our expectations, our projections, and, most of all, our culturally learned assumptions and categories of thought (Schein 1993,p. 33)Ã¢â¬ . Participants should be able to suspend the perceptions and feelings for some time to see the outcome of the dialogue (Schein 1993). By suspending the feelings the participants will allow the disagreements to fly off, hence will build mutual understanding and trust on each other. Higher the trust higher will be the effectiveness of the group. Participants will be open to voice their unfearful opinions, and will come up with more innovative and successful solutions. Dialogue as a problem solving tool in a multicultural organisation The definition of dialogue says that there should be equal sharing of perceptions, assumptions, thoughts and experiences to come to an radical conclusion (Schein 1993). Healthy communication connects the employee more strongly with the organisation by eliminating the sense of isolation and dissatisfaction. Employee who communicate regularly with their managers and co-employees have a higher sense of job engagement than those who are reluctant to voice their opinion. There is a direct relation between the healthy communication, participation of the employees in decision making and growth of the organisation. Dialogue does not only mean that you are heard, but it also signifies that your voice matters in the decisions of the company. It gives a sense of belonging to the employee and burns out stress and discomfort. The organisation with the higher number of contented employee will have higher productivity both in number and innovations. Ã¢â¬Å"The quality of relationships with co-workers is a crucial factor in determining levels of job satisfactionÃ¢â¬ (Tourish Hargie 2009, p. 16). Job satisfaction cannot only be guaranteed by successful completion of a task, but it involves many other vital factors too. Today when it is impossible to find an uncultured organisation, learning about the intercultural ommunication is an indispensable necessity (Crossman et al 2011, p. 57). Culture plays an prominent role in structuring human behaviour, ideas and thought process (Wood2011). Differences of thinking may lead to ambiguity at the work place which may end into conflicts. According to Ting-Toomey, the greater the difference between two cultures, the more that conflicts will arise in areas such as historical grievances , cultural world views and beliefs (Crossman et al 2011). Creating Coherence in Multicultural Organisation with dialogue Employees have different personal needs and hence different dimensions for the satisfaction. The organisation should know about the personnel needs of the employee and should work in a way to nurture good relationships among the employees (Tourish Hargie 2009). Incorporating good communication practices such as regular group meetings, open house discussions or building new channels for communication sustains job engagement of the employee. Mangers should have expertise in intercultural communication skills to nurture an environment of tolerance to the ambiguity caused by incompatibility of cultural values and norms. As Brannen Salk 1999, said working together to give fruitful result can only be achieved by compromising the ambiguity and confusion for quality issues. The practices like Ã anÃ open house group discussionsÃ ,thought sharing and dialogues exchange with seniors and colleagues will help in bridging the gap of miscommunication and misunderstanding. Employees who have an access to information, organisation policies, new ventures and developments feel more secure and safe at work. Intercultural communications along with dialogue help in enhancing the process of organisational learning through group interaction. It helps in sharing of cultural ideas, values and beliefs. Cordial and happy relations at work place eliminate stress and burnout caused by work pressure and thus benefits the employee with good concentration and higher thinking. Socially balanced work cultureÃ breedÃ employee with better insights and hence result in collaborative thinking and exemplary innovations. However in a real business world where emphasis is laid more towards the successful completion of the task, is it realistic to preach dialogue at every stage of decision making? Is it possible for an organisation to understand the needs of every employee? Will it be correct to say that itÃ is the responsibility of a manager to inoculate good intercultural communication where the employees are reluctant to shift their values and paradigm? Implementing dialogue can be a laborious process for a manager. It is the Manager who bears the responsibility of accomplishing the targets with in the given time frame. Dialogue can only be successful when employees are ready to take the responsibility to change themselves, else it will only result in wastage of time. Dialogue is easy to preach in a likeminded group sharing similar values but difficult to express with those who are reluctant to change. Say for instance it is easy to teach a budding employee about the virtues of good communication. However,Ã the same could not be expressed to those highly experienced or talented employees who are reluctant to adapt to new changes. Also, it is difficult to bring employees out of their comfort zone and to speak up expressing their true feelings. Dialogue- the core of organisational learning Dialogue lies at the core of organizational learning, for without dialogue, individuals and groups cannot effectively exchange ideas, nor can they develop shared understandingÃ¢â¬ (Mazustis Slawinski 2008, pg 438). Argyris said that there are two different modes of learning, Model 1 and Model II, best be summarized as single or double loop learning. He mentioned in his writing Ã¢â¬Å"Teaching Smart people how to learnÃ¢â¬ , highly skilled professional are good at single loop learning because of their vast experiences and success gained in those experiences. However, Argyris argue that it is difficult for them to admit their mistake,Ã and hence they adopt a defensive attitude wherein they start blaming others for the failure. Defensive reasoning can block learning. Model I learning behavior persists throughout the organization resulting in to win/lose dynamics in which individual avoid confrontation (Mazustis Slawinski 2008). On contrast Model II which is based on open dialogue, self-reflection and double loop learning will help in bringing fundamental changes in organizational norms, priorities and behavior (Argyris and Schon1978). It is through dialogue that people share ideas with others. Integration of these ideas with others is only possible when a group has Ã aÃ common language and common thought process, which can only be built by dialogue(Mazustis Slawinski 2008). Shared meaning can lead not only to the transference of knowledge, but also to the creation of new knowledge and understanding among participants (Mazustis Slawinski 2008). Finally, the process get embedded into the organization. This process is what Crossan et al. (1999) refer to as institutionalizing. Dialogue is therefore at the core of the socio-psychological processes of the model of organizational learning (Crossan et al. , 1999)Ã¢â¬ (Mazustis Slawinski 2008). Barriers to communication- Silos formation Advancement in technology and increase in complexity of organisation resulted in division of the organisation into different specialised departments or subunits. Employee in one department share same work language, technology and work terminology developing a subculture of its own. Different departments in an organisation work together to complete the task, failure of one may result in failure of others. Organisational effectiveness is therefore dependent on the valid communication across subculture boundariesÃ¢â¬ (Schein 1993,p. 41). Silo formation and Need to eliminate Silos Fragmentation of organisation into small departments may result in the formation of Ã¢â¬Å"silosÃ¢â¬ throughout the organisation. Individuals in silos share strong personnel bonds, common interests, abilities, work structure and relational bonds that differentiate them from others. Individuals in a silo interact more to each other than with the outside employees creating an atmosphere of alienation for those who are not part of the silo group. Silos act as a barrier to inter departmental flow of communication resulting in theÃ creation of isolation and hostility for others who are notÃ part of the group. Employees hesitate to co-operate with other departments thinking that the objective of their silo is different from that of other department. Interdepartmental competition may prevent the desire to transfer valuable information from one to other department. Communication breakdown can lead to errors and finger pointing, lack of responsibilities and hence failure of the task or the department itself What is the role of a good manager in an organisation full of silos? Managers should learn to trust his team members and also should show respect their peers. Mutual trust, respect for each other structure and values will help in dissolving silos. Senior should preach the essential values of their organisation and not that of a single department. Organisation based on Hierarchical pyramid structure An organisation based on principals to maintain and respect hierarchical structure, could not support dialogue. Hierarchy do not support the idea of cross questioning your boss or voicing against the idea of your manager, it may lead to serious repercussions for the employee. Time constrain Time is again a vital factor to be considered while promoting dialogue. Every project is designed to be accomplished with in a limited time frame. Listening to every voice of the department may lead to wastage of time. Managers should be able to recognise the right time to implement debate and discussion instead of dialogue. Breaching the comfort zone of employee Dialogue demands empathy and tolerance to other and is a time consuming process. In this fast pace society where human beings are already over engaged with priorities it is difficult to maintain patience to listen to others. Highly experienced employee find it difficult to listen to a new employee, they do not want to change their work protocol and hesitate to adapt to new changes. It is difficult to breach the comfort zone of over experienced employees and sometimes they find it insulting too. Defensive Behaviour and lack of trust Individuals may engage into defensive routines where they hesitate to open a dialogue with the seniors fearing that may lead to some serious problems with the co-employees or the manager himself. Also, colleagues working in an organisation may feel competition with theirÃ colleague, and thus, employee consciously prevent flow of information to others creating a hostile environment for others. Lack of true Feedback Dialogue may be impeded by organisation norms such as the practice of only delivering good news to senior managers, and hiding distressing news. Individuals needÃ theÃ information to be able to detect and correct errors, but some organizational norms prevent such information from being discussed (Argyris and Schon, 1978). Baker et al. 2005: 425), for example, conclude that some Ã¢â¬Ënorms determine what can be said and not said, what and who is heard and not heard, who hasÃ aÃ voice and who does not haveÃ Ã aÃ voice Ã who is in and who is out of the conversationÃ¢â¬â¢ (Mazustis Slawinski 2008). These norms inhibit prevent knowledge from being shared openly across functional silos, divisions and levels. Conclusion Dialogue is no doubt an import ant tool of communication to bring changes in an organisation and to promoteÃ aÃ higher degree of organisational learning. Proper implementation of dialogue in an organisation will make employees more responsible to each other. It will also ensure trust, empathy, tolerance and engagement among the employees by creating a safe and secure work environment. Sharing of ideas, discussion about work and group thinking will inculcate high sense creativity and innovations. However, it is difficult to have an idealistic organisation working on the principals of dialogue. ItÃ is a group endeavour and demands time and patience which are difficult to attain in this fast pace society. Human beings are primarily driven by their emotions and it is difficult to suspend feelings and emotions which is the demand to sustain a dialogue. Implications of dialogue are great but is difficult to practice. Books Crossman, J. , Bordia, S. Mills, C. 2011 Business Communication : for the Global Age, McGraw-Hill, North Ryde, N. S. W. Eisenberg,M. , Goodall,H. L. Trethewey,A. 2010, Organizational communication : balancing creativity and constraint, Boston : Bedford/St. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s Cheney,G. (ed. ) 2011, Organizational Communication in an Age of Globalization : Issues, Reflection ; Practices, 2nd edition, Long Grove, Ill. : Waveland Press Cottrell, S. 011, Critical thinking skills : developing effective analysis and argument, Houndmills, Hampshire, UK : Palgrave Macmillan Ferraro, G. P. ; Briody, E. K. 2013, The cultural dimension of global business,7th ed. , Pearson, Boston, pp. 29-65. Hargie,O. ; Tourish,D. (ed). 2009, Auditing organizational communication : a handbook of research, theory and practice ,Imprint East Sussex : New York, NY Walker, R. 2011, Strategic management communication for leaders, Mason, Ohio : South -Western Cengage Learning Wood,J. 2011, Communication mosaics : an introduction to the field of communication,Boston, MA : Wadsworth E journals Amy,H. 2008, Ã¢â¬ËLeaders as facilitators of individual and organizational learningÃ¢â¬â¢ , Leadership ; Organization Development Journal, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 212-234 Argyris 1991, Ã¢â¬ËTeaching smart people how to learnÃ¢â¬â¢, Harvard Business Review, vol. 69,no. 3,pp. 99-100 Argyris, C. and Schon, D. (1978), Ã¢â¬ËOrganizational Learning: A theory of action perspectiveÃ¢â¬â¢ Bloor,G. 1999, Ã¢â¬ËOrganisational culture: organisational learning and total quality managementÃ¢â¬â¢ , Australian Health Review, Vol 22, no 3 Groysberg, B. ; Slind, M. 2012, Ã¢â¬ËLeadership is a conversationÃ¢â¬â¢, Harvard Business Review, 90(6):76-84. Mazutis,D. amp;Slawinski,N. 2008, Ã¢â¬ËLeading organizational learning through authentic dialogueÃ¢â¬â¢ , Richard Ivey School of Business,The University of Western Ontario, Canada, Vol 39, pp. 437-456 Schein,E. 1993, Ã¢â¬ËOn dialogue, culture, and organizational learningÃ¢â¬â¢ ,Organisational Dynamics, Vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 4 0-51 Website Forbes, John Kotter, viewed on 26 March 2013, ;http://www. forbes. com/sites/johnkotter/2011/05/03/breaking-down-silos/;. Matthew Moore 2011, viewed 26 March 2013, ;http://www. improvementandinnovation. com/features/article/breaking-down-organisational-silos-why-its-important-collaboration-quality-and-gro/;. How to cite Communication and Dialogue, Papers
Saturday, December 7, 2019
This Is shown in Act 1 Scene Two when Doug, who hates women, says: Women like to pretend they dont play around but theyre Just more secretive about It. Cherry and Ruth are very negative about sex, stating that most women work hard to keep men out of their pants. Julie thinks that love is being foolish and stupid. Also the play that Lewis Is directing, Coos Fan tutee is all about love and fidelity. Lewis Is also questioning the love and fidelity of his girlfriend as she Is critical of love and of his work with the mental patients. Another theme Is Cost Is to do with mental Illness and the fine line between sanity and madness. The characters are not what you expect from a patient In a mental Institution. Roy Is extremely articulate and Doug Is very witty. Although all the patients have problems they are able to learn their lines and act very well. Act one show the internal relationships of the characters, which eventually applies the dramatic impact. Moreover, the second act of the play is designed to portray the inner workings of the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s minds. Nowra uses employs the technique of contrasting the two acts in order to not only show the transformation experiences by the characters, but to also show the two different perspectives of mental health in the 1970s. Thus, Nowra asserts through this technique that there are in fact two competing perspectives of mental health, one within the institution and also an outside perception, hence challenging the characters own values and beliefs. *** It can be understood that Nowra uses the structural techniques of contrasting two acts, in order to show a transformation undergone by the characters and to show the inner working verses the outside perspective of mental health in the 1970s. They face their own challenges and values as they learn more about their own abilities. Nowra also demonstrates to the audience that these are Ã¢â¬Ëextraordinary peopleÃ¢â¬â¢ not judgmentally insane, Ã¢â¬Å"Cosi gave me something to think about, something to do, see IÃ¢â¬â¢m happy coming to this burnt out theatreÃ¢â¬ . Through the use of the two contrasting acts, the audience is Shown the characters extraordinary change which is accentuated by the use of structural techniques such as the juxtaposition of the two acts, Which allows the characters to transform and finally Ã¢â¬Å"come out of their shellsÃ¢â¬ . Nowra also uses dialogue to contrast characters and highlight to the audience that they are people worthy of viewing in a play. Nowra challenges the audiences perception of mental health in the twentieth century when he introduces the character Doug, who is a ___(frail and broken young man who perceives life as nothing more than a pile of crap). DougÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogue is direct and blunt but also intelligent and socially correct when he says _________________________________________________________ the way Ã¢â¬ËoutsidersÃ¢â¬â¢ deal with mental illness in the institution. His use of uninhibited directness highlights that the patients are not afraid to say what they are thinking and that what they are thinking is the same as a person in a broader society. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re not deaf are you? Ã¢â¬ this type of dialogue indicates that he knows how to behave socially, as he asks the right questions, in fact Lewis seems as if he is mental, hence why Doug asks if he is deaf. In the conversation with Doug and Lewis we see Doug asking questions, which seem to be inappropriate, Lewis ________________quote for when he uses synonyms_______hesitantly replies. Do you love her? , does she sleep aroundÃ¢â¬ ¦. Ã¢â¬ From this we see that Doug has good mental agility, as his sequence of Questions are in fact, socially correct.. Moreover, Dough is portrayed as intelligent which is highlighted when he articulates synonyms for location and dwelling. The directness comes at his question, Ã¢â¬Å"are you a poofta? Ã¢â¬ which ultimately gets the laugh from the aud ience; It is these uncensored, blunt and awkward lines that create the desired shocked but amused response from the audience. The Play within a play is a technique employed to mirror LewisÃ¢â¬â¢ life with the words of an opera and escalate the desired dramatic response by Nowra. When mirroring LewisÃ¢â¬â¢ life, Nowra touches on the theme of love and compels the audience to assess their own attitudes to love at the conclusion of the play. We are encouraged to empathise with the characters as they discover the value of love and loyalty. (Find a quote research play within a play. ) Ã¢â¬Å"What is going to happen to the couples in the future: a life of torment and adulteryÃ¢â¬ . Nowra purposely draws on the consequences of immorality through Zac to show the generalisation on the modern world, towards the end of the play this statement ironically contestsÃ¢â¬â¢ the final events of Cosi fan tute. Another effect that the play within a play acts as is a filter which allows the audience to see the issues of the external world through the behaviours of the characters. Nowra anticipates the audience to tap into the worries and dilemmas that they face from the actors, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just that in here you miss out on a lot of changes in societyÃ¢â¬â¢s moralsÃ¢â¬ . The audience are also involved in the actorÃ¢â¬â¢s reality and are able to relate to their lives and reconsider and redefine their own morals and values. Consequently, the audience are drawn into the play to such a real level that they are affected by the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s problems, feelings, motivations and search for reality. Thus, the technique of mirroring the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s lives creates a surreal and realistic impact on the audience, hence heightening the vivid effect of Cosi. In order to create an intense and dramatic impact of the play, Nowra utilizes various structural techniques throughout Cosi. The use of two contrasting acts displays the transformation of many significant characters and invites the audience to the concept of transformation of the individual. Moreover, the frank and straightforward dialogue assigned to the characters prove to the audience that Cosi is a play worth viewing and create the desired shock response by the audience. Furthermore, Nowra scripts a play within a play to compare and contrast the parallel between the play and the lives of the characters, thus extending the dramatic impact of Cosi to each member of the audience.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Technology Different General term for the processes by which human beings fashion tools and Machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment. The Term is derived from the Greek words tekhne, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, Meaning an area of study; thus, technology means, literally, the study, or science, of Crafting. As technology evolves, scientist and historians say that technology grows at A geometric rate without respect to geographical limits or political systems. These Innovations tend to transform traditional cultural systems, frequently with unexpected Social consequences. Thus technology can be conceived as both a creative and a Destructive process. Technology Has been evolving with us since the beginning of the Prehistoric age, from the simplest off tools of the cave men to the now present future. Electronic fiber optic cables and the computerized artificial intelligence. Technology is Very important in our society, with out it we would not be able to survive in our ever Changing society. Imagine is someone didn't invent transportation. We would have not Discovered the other continents. Or not having the technology to cope with our ever Growing population. We would have run out of enough supply of food to feed ourselves. How about if cave men didn't discover fire? We would have not survive even just for a Day. All these things we owe to technology, so we must harness what it has to offer And further improve our society. Inventions That Have Changed Our Lives: Telephone: In the field of communication one of the most famous and useful invention In our modern society is the telephone. Invented by Alexander Graham Bell, he has Made our life so much easier and more productive. Saying that he has made an impact To society would be an understatement. These telephones transmit electronic pulses That would then be converted to sound that is comprehendible to us humans, but These telephones are big and bulky and they need wires to transmit these pulses. Then Came the invention called A cellular telephone that designed to give the user maximum Freedom of movement while using a telephone. A cellular telephone uses radio signals To communicate between the set and an antenna. The served area is divided into cells something like a honeycomb, and an antenna is placed within each cell and connected by telephone lines to one exchange devoted to cellular telephone calls. This exchange connects cellular telephones to one another or transfers the call to a regular exchange if the call is between a cellular telephone and a noncellular telephone. The special cellular exchange, through computer control, selects the antenna closest to the telephone when service is requested. As the telephone roams, the exchange automatically determines when to change the serving cell based on the power of the radio signal received simultaneously at adjacent sites. This change occurs without interrupting conversation. Practical power considerations limit the distance between the telephone and the nearest cellular antenna, and since cellular phones use radio signals, it is very easy for unauthorized people to access communications carried out over cellular phones. Currently, digital cellular phones are gaining in popularity because the radio signals are harder to intercept and decode. Also the fast growing popular video phones that work like a normal telephone but includes the ability to transmit videos through the use of a small camera. although these video phones are not yet popular in our present society. they will soon be in every home in the world. Pagers: not all inventions that where once practical remain practical. one example are the invention of pagers. although these pagers are still currently used in our society they in my own opinion have out lived there use. these pagers where used during the early 90s for the reason that they are more reliable, less expensive and more portable than a cellphone. but now cellphones are cheaper and come in sizes that are almost as small as a pager. so these pagers have out lived there use and are now impractical to use in some countries. but in the Philippines we have still retained it for they are "free" compared to a cellphone. Satellite Band Radio (SBR) Satellite Band Radios are virtually unheard off in our country. these radios are like normal radios but use satellites to transmit there information instead of the normal analog radio waves used. the use of these satellite radios give us better variety in the programs we listen to. and will infact make the change of information faster and easier from country to country. for a person